Module One: Information Communities and the Social Construction of Knowledge
Community is defined in early works by Park as rooted in a certain geographic location, a common bond and mutual interdependence. Peter Block offers a recent definition in Community: The Structure of Belonging: “Communities are human systems given form by conversations that build relatedness” that emphasizes conversations. These conversations can play out in physical space and virtually. Rheingold’s The Virtual Community, defines the Internet as an interconnected computer network utilizing Computer-mediated Communication (CMC) to link people all over the globe in open discussions. He defines ‘virtual community’ as “social aggregators that emerge from the Net when enough people carry on those public discussions long enough, with sufficient human feeling, to form webs of personal relationships in cyberspace” (Rheingold, p. 5). This module explores the nature of information, definitions of community, and how communities form around information and knowledge sharing/creation.
- Lecture: (Panopto Link): https://sjsu-ischool.hosted.panopto.com/Panopto/Pages/Viewer.aspx?id=7010ba72-0408-476e-bdd0-0ca101d6f301
- Lecture Slides: Download Intro to Information Communities here.
- Video File: Download Video Podcast (mp4)
- Audio File: Download Audio Podcast (mp3)
Things to Read:
Note: Some of the articles you will be reading this term were published years ago, (sometimes decades ago!) but because they are foundational pieces, and because this is a foundational class, we are assigning them so that you know the important articles in our field to which many more recent articles will refer.
- Information Services Today, Chapter 3: Information Communities: Defining the Focus of Information Service: https://ebookcentral-proquest-com.libaccess.sjlibrary.org/lib/sjsu/reader.action?ppg=53&docID=2032756&tm=1501698573707
- Bates, M. J. (2009). Information. In Encyclopedia of Library and Information Sciences, (3rd ed.). Retrieved from http://libaccess.sjlibrary.org/login?url=https://www.taylorfrancis.com/books/e/9780849397110/chapters/10.1081%2FE-ELIS3-120045519
- Bush, V. (1945). As we may think. The Atlantic Monthly. Retrieved from http://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/1945/07/as-we-may-think/303881/
- Fisher, K., & Durrance, J. (2003). Information communities. In K. Christensen, & D. Levinson (Eds.), Encyclopedia of community: From the village to the virtual world. (pp. 658-661). Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications, Inc. Retrieved from http://libaccess.sjlibrary.org/login?url=http://knowledge.sagepub.com/view/community/n248.xml
- Wells, H. G. (1937). The idea of a permanent world encyclopedia. ischool Berkeley. Retrieved from https://sherlock.ischool.berkeley.edu/wells/world_brain.html
Things to Explore:
- Buckland, M. (1991). Information as thing. Journal of the American Society of Information Science 42(5). Retrieved from http://people.ischool.berkeley.edu/~buckland/thing.html
- Information Community example: Flamborough Information and Community Services site: http://infoflam.on.ca/
- Definitions of Information by author James Gleick at his blog: http://around.com/?s=definition+of+information
- The Social Life of Information: http://www.firstmonday.dk/ojs/index.php/fm/issue/view/11
- Veinot, T. C., & Williams, K. (2011). Following the “community” thread from sociology to information behavior and informatics: Uncovering theoretical continuities and research opportunities. Wiley Online Library 63(5). Retrieved from http://libaccess.sjlibrary.org/login?url=http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/enhanced/doi/10.1002/asi.21653/
Things to Do:
Block, P. (2008). Community: The structure of belonging. San Francisco, CA: Berrett-Koehler Publishers.
Park, R. (1936). Human ecology. American Journal of Sociology, 17(1), 1-15.
Rheingold, H. (1993). The Virtual Community: Homesteading on the Electronic Frontier. New York, NY: HarperPerennial.